Toilets are designed to need a certain amount of water in the bowl to flush correctly. This amount is different depending on the shape of the toilet and the size of the tank, but there are some telltale signs if your bowl needs to be adjusted. If the toilet bowl doesn’t clear when you flush, you may not have enough water in the bowl. If the water level in the bowl seems to be drastically too high or too low, then you might have a clog or another problem.
Check the Water Level in the Tank
The first thing I recommend is to check the water level in the toilet’s tank. Not enough water in the tank can mean there is not enough in the bowl, which can lead to slow flushing and clogs. Simply lift the cover and check to see where the water falls in relationship to the fill tube. The water level should be about a half inch below the top of the fill tube. To adjust the tank’s water level, first adjust the fill valve. This is done by moving the float that’s attached to the valve in the direction you want the water level to go, so raising it raises water levels and vice versa. Move the valve to the right level with the attached screw or clip device or by simply sliding it, depending on the type you’ve got. Moving the float changes the amount of pressure needed to close the fill valve and therefore how much water is added. Once you’ve adjusted the float, do a few test flushes and see if this has solved your problem. Keep adjusting until the bowl level is where it needs to be.
Check the Internal Hardware
When you check the tank, you may find that the parts inside are broken or simply worn out. If your float doesn’t actually float anymore, it needs to be replaced. The valve arm might also be broken or bent incorrectly. If it looks bent, try reshaping it. A cracked fill tube might make your toilet run or overfill. All of these pieces are easy to replace without having to change everything inside of the toilet tank, and they can be purchased at your local hardware store. Another possibility is that the flapper isn’t correctly adjusted. The flapper releases water into the tank to start the flushing process, and if the hardware or chain used to control it is out of alignment, it can put the wrong amount of water into the bowl. Adjusting the chain is an easy matter of changing which link is attached to the flapper.
Check for Clogs
If the water level in your toilet changes suddenly and is either unusually low or high, this can mean you’ve got a clog. Try using a plunger to dislodge anything caught in the drain. Partial blockage will cause bowl water levels to drop, while complete blockage will make water levels rise. If the plunger doesn’t resolve the clog, you may have to clear the line another way. Using an auger is one option, and you can try this by inserting it into the drain until it gets to the clog, then cranking it until the auger clears the blockage. Another possibility is that the vent opening on the roof is blocked or has debris in it. Use a garden hose to clear the vent and remove any debris like sticks and leaves. If none of this solves the problem, you may have to clear the line manually. Turn off the water and hold down the flapper to force it to flush without refilling. Then, wearing a glove, reach into the toilet to remove whatever is causing the clog. If you’ve tried all of these things and still can’t resolve it, you may need to call a professional.